What I’m sharing with you here is my experience in drawing people from life and how to sketch someone outdoors; in places such as public transport, on a flight and even during sports or live music.
These are my tips and best practices that I’ve developed from being inspired by other artists and in my own trials and errors.
Please keep in mind; this is how I do it and I don’t proclaim this to be the best or only way. Do feel free to disagree or experiment in your own way and style.
How did I develop an interest in sketching people outdoor and in public?
It may surprise you to know that I used to dislike the art of portraits, characters and drawing people in general.
Why? Because it’s really hard and there is so much to take into consideration when you sketch humans; from shapes, light, movement, impression and likeness. It gets even more complicated when we have to draw people in public.
This requires you to possess an almost superhuman hybrid power of patience and speed (more about that later…)
I honestly didn’t have the patience for that. To constantly be on the lookout for that perfect sketch. It takes time and many tries before you catch a good moment.
Yet, it happens. Sometimes you just stumble on someone interesting, at a perfect angle and with good lighting. Then you may be able to simply move seats or adjust your angle to the subject.
When that happens, and you find the perfect model for your sketch, just remember that you have a limited amount of time before they move, get obstructed or the light direction changes (like during a train ride or flight). This will considerably affect the live drawing, and it gets complicated and harder.
Inspiration: Work of Nicolas Sanchez & Galina Ershova
I remember one day I came across one of Galina’s posts on Instagram. I saw some of her sketches on a train, which is what inspired me the most to attempt to sketch people during train rides and in coffee shops.
In the last couple of years, I also got really into life drawing and was attending many events in London. It was during that time I started to realise that my technique in drawing expressions and the human form can be improved by drawing people more often and fast. This is what really got me into sketching people anytime anywhere.
Sketching and Drawing People Gallery
How to Draw People on Transport.
My favourite way to capture people in public has to be during a train ride. The reason being seated people on a train tend not to move much. Add to that, a regular commuter is often sitting back reading or asleep, and the lighting is usually better than in other places; mostly coming from above or from side windows.
Sketching people during train rides is not as hard as you imagine it.
Now, to draw or sketch someone in public (while they are unaware) is still quite difficult. You have to be fast and discreet. (Although, it’s pleasing if someone finds out you are drawing them as they are almost always flattered). Still, it’s best to be discreet, and fast.
For this, I recommend using a pencil, especially for a beginner. A 2B pencil is best as it’s light to carry around and fast to use. I don’t recommend inky pens in the beginning as they are slower than a pencil. As for charcoal, although it’s fast and usually my favourite medium, it’s also messy and generally requires a larger work surface. This is why it’s not for this kind of sketch.
The type of pencil I use is 2B (not HB). I find this to be the perfect balance between dark and light and I can get some mid-tones with it quite fast.
Tips for how to draw people in public:
- At the start, keep it simple and choose a person that isn’t moving much (someone reading or sleeping for example). This ensures their movements are limited and you don’t also have to observe their pattern of movement.
- Choose someone sitting under or close to a dominant direction of lighting, e.g. someone sitting next to a window (if it’s brighter outside than inside) or close to a strong light source.
- Avoid anyone sitting in the centre of brightly lit rooms or train carriages, or under diffused light (until you have more experience).
- Choose someone at an angle from you (if possible in profile or a side view). This is easier to sketch than someone facing you directly and more interesting than someone looking away.
- If you have to draw someone moving, then start with sketching the big shapes very loosely. Slowly, as you start to see the pattern of movement, you can add the details.
- Keep a focal point in mind – it’s totally unnecessary to draw everything. Focus on one area of interest; this could be the face, hair, dress, even a hand or any feature you feel connected to.
- Notice in the drawing (below) this timeless Da Vinci sketch: Although he captured the whole face, the focal point and the entire focus is on the gaze. The eyes are so striking, he didn’t even bother with the hair. All other features are there, but you can sense the emphasis and focus is less than the eyes.
How to sketch moving people?
I have realised this: in general, people move in a pattern. Even if they are seated, although they appear to be moving, shifting, and restless, if you observe someone long enough you will realise that they move in a fairly predictable pattern. After a short while, they will generally come back to reassume a pose to a position that you have already observed them in, even if briefly.
In my experience, as long as the light source and direction the light is coming from is stable, then it should be easier to draw moving people. If the light changes or something affects the lighting, then this will complicate the composition considerably.
On average it takes me about 5-10 minutes to sketch someone on a train or in a coffee shop; that is, someone seated and not moving much.
- In the sketch above of musician, I was trying to capture the bass player as he was playing.
- I started with the head first as it had the most character and the least movement.
- Then I moved down to the torso to find the movement. I drew the hands very loosely until the pattern of movement was memorised.
- Only then was I able to anchor my attention to that position, and my eyes would capture details only when he passed by the pose (even if for just a fraction of a second).
- I kept the style loose and uncomplicated because I knew I had very little time.
Drawing people in public is fun, and very beneficial to your artistic journey. It’s not easy but it gets easier with time. After a while and some practice you will be able to compensate mentally for changes in lighting, such as the direction and shape of the light. You will also be able to draw much faster.
Feel free to ask any relevant questions below.